Charles Rennie Mackintosh (1868 – 1928) born in Scotland was a sculptor, architect, water colourist and designer.
He was a leading light in the Arts & Crafts movement, inspiring an iconic style of jewellery and portraying Britain's first reaction to, and interpretation of Art Nouveau, and foreshadowed Art Deco.
The Movement represented an international design philosophy that originated in England and flourished between 1860 and 1910 (especially in the second half of that period), continuing its influence until the 1930's. Inspired by the writings of John Ruskin and instigated by the artist and writer William Morris, the movement spread to Europe and North America and inspired iconic British designers such as Charles Rennie Mackintosh.
His creations clearly demonstrate, and give voice to the struggle that many faced between what was deemed 'true craftsmanship' and the impending age of industry and machine made products.